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Fuel production from waste vehicle tires by catalytic ...

Fuel production from waste vehicle tires by catalytic pyrolysis and its application in a diesel engine ... (TF75) wt. and pure (TF100). Performance characteristics such as engine power, engine torque, brake specific fuel consumption (bsfc) and exhaust temperature ... Pyrolysis of waste vehicle tires with the purpose of fuel production for the ...

Environment | Volkswagen Group Sustainability

Information in accordance with directive 1999/94/EC as amended: further information on the official fuel consumption and the official specific CO2 emissions of new cars can be found in the 'Guide on the fuel economy, CO2 emissions and power consumption of all new passenger car models' available free of charge at all points of sale in Germany ...

THE ECONOMICS OF TIRE REMANUFACTURING - INSEAD

The Economics of Tire Remanufacturing Geraldo Ferrer Insead, Technology Management Area, Blvd Constance, F-77305 Fontainebleau FRANCE ... generation of solid waste. Each passenger car leaves the assembly line with the equivalent of 30-40 kg of ... consumption in tire production [1]. The report by US EPA (1991) focuses on the used tires ...

ITP Steel: Energy Use in the U.S. Steel Industry: An ...

Scrap has been assigned zero energy because if it were not recycled, it would be a waste product sent to landfills. On the other hand, the production of alternative iron (AI) units, such as sponge or pig iron, are energy-intensive; whether they are produced offshore or domestically is of little consequence to the global issue of CO 2 emissions ...

Snuffing Out Scrap | IndustryWeek

Facing foreign competitors who already are able to produce parts and materials at a significantly lower cost, U.S. manufacturers cannot afford the additional labor costs incurred from handling excess scrap. Although manufacturers expect some scrap will be generated during the production process, truly lean operations strive for little or no scrap.

Al-jon Introduces Industry’s Largest Landfill Compactor ...

Al-jon Manufacturing, LLC, a manufacturer of products for the solid waste and scrap metal industries, today introduced its new 127,500 pound landfill compactor, the LC960-4. This new model replaces the Advantage 600, the flagship of the Al-jon compactor line.

Manufacturing resource productivity | McKinsey

It also changed the mounting of the heating system, using springs rather than screws, to make it easier to separate materials during recycling. Combined, these adaptations resulted in a product with an improved footprint at a lower production cost; such “win win” opportunities are not uncommon when focusing on resource productivity.

Recycling - volkswagenag.com

These are recyclates that are made from production residues or waste material. ... on the official fuel consumption and the official specific CO2 emissions of new cars can be found in the 'Guide on the fuel economy, CO2 emissions and power consumption of all new passenger car models' available free of charge at all points of sale in Germany and ...

EPA Reportedly Scrapping Obama-Era Fuel Economy …

The Trump administration is reportedly gearing up to scrap an Obama-era policy that set fuel-efficiency goals for vehicles. While in office, then-President Barack Obama ordered automakers to ...

Operations Management Test One Flashcards | Quizlet

Operations Management Test One study guide by smeek11 includes 50 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades.

EPA Reportedly Scrapping Obama-Era Fuel Economy …

The Trump administration is reportedly gearing up to scrap an Obama-era policy that set fuel-efficiency goals for vehicles. While in office, then-President Barack Obama ordered automakers to ...

14 Ways to Reduce Materials & Cost of Goods Sold in Your ...

How to Reduce Materials Cost 1. Substitute Lower Cost Materials Where Possible. ... for example, the cost of the raw material is low, the volume of excess material or “scrap” may not be considered to be important relative to the labor cost. Over time, however, prices for materials and labor may shift. ... assembly line production, and ...

Reducing Costs by Controlling Raw Material Consumption ...

Quantity- and value-based activity-based cost (ABC) analyses also were performed on the dyes (Figures 3, 4). A list of 13 dyes that were critical by way of huge expense and consumption were obtained and the team found that Ind. Khaki 2G was the most critical of all dyes because the amount and value of the dye used had the greatest effect on quality cost.

Project Summary Life Cycle Design of a Fuel Tank System

fuel tank system consists of three compo-nents: the tank which contains the fuel, straps which secure the tank to the frame, and a shield which has a unique function for each fuel tank system. The steel tank is made of plain carbon steel (1008-1010), with a nickel-zinc …

Assuring the Continued Recycling of Light Metals in End-of ...

The cost of remelting scrap aluminum or magnesium is lower than that of electric-arc-furnace production of steel from scrap. This is mainly due to the lower melting temperatures of the light metals than steel. This comparison is especially attractive for light metals on a per-volume basis.

Recycling of plastics

•More fossil fuel energy is used in their production than for ... In-house scrap (generated at the source of production) is near-100% recycled already. The consequence: most plastic (apart from in-house) is reused in lower-grade applications ... Recycling of plastics Author:

ARPA-E | X-Ray Diagnostics for Scrap Metal Sorting

X-Ray Diagnostics for Scrap Metal Sorting . UHV Technologies ... Innovation in light metal recycling is crucial because light metals can be used to reduce the weight of cars and aircraft, which could significantly reduce both energy use and carbon ... making it possible to lower metals waste while simultaneously increasing the quality of ...

The Power Stroke Blues: 6.4L Edition | DrivingLine

When the 6.4L Power Stroke was introduced in 2007 (for ’08 model year Ford Super Duty’s), it had a lot to live up to. After a five-year production run of the 6.0L Power Stroke brought failure after failure to light, the Ford faithful — who were ready to usher in a new, hopefully more reliable ...

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End-of-Life Vehicle Recycling in the European Union

Consumption of energy and resources, waste generation, greenhouse gases, hazardous substance emissions, and disposal at the end of their lives are burdens created by automobile production and use. This paper deals with the recycling of end-of-life vehicles (ELV) in the European Union.

Waste minimisation - Wikipedia

Waste minimisation is a set of processes and practices intended to reduce the amount of waste produced. By reducing or eliminating the generation of harmful and persistent wastes, waste minimisation supports efforts to promote a more sustainable society. Waste minimisation involves redesigning products and processes and/or changing societal patterns of consumption and production.

Sources of Greenhouse Gas Emissions | Greenhouse Gas …

Overview. Total Emissions in 2014 = 6,870 Million Metric Tons of CO 2 equivalent * Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry in the United States is a net sink and offsets approximately 11 percent of these greenhouse gas emissions. All emission estimates from the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2014. Larger image to save or print.